Music therapy
uses both listening to music as well as making music on simple instruments. Voicework is also an important method in music therapy. Music is a moving force! In music therapy we don´t emphasize clients´ diseases or weaknesses but enable them to rediscover their playful and creative side and focus on the potential that opens up there.

The effects of music therapy:
  • relaxes
  • reduces anxiety and depression
  • raises self-esteem
  • helps to experience, express and process emotions
  • enables to experience hope and consolation
  • supports emotional, verbal and nonverbal communication
  • mobilises resources and self-empowerment
  • offers social support
So-called active and passive techniques are used in music therapy.
Active music therapy consists in experimenting and improvisation on simple music instruments. The forms, sounds and materials of music instruments can evoke various associations with the client´s life story and personal issues. Through actively creating music people may rediscover and develop their creative powers. They will find their emotional aliveness and physical cognition. Music releases physical and emotional stress and raises self-esteem.
Passive or receptive music therapy includes active listening to music. Music therapist lets the client to listen to pieces of music that resonate to his/her particular complicated life situation. The associations, thoughts and feelings evoked during the listening are processed together, music therapist helps the client to orientate in his/her own inner world. Active and passive techniques are used both separately as well as in combination with each other
Music therapy can be used both in individual and group work.

Additional reading and research:

Karagozoglu S, Tekyasar F, Yilmaz FA. (2013).
Effects of music therapy and guided visual imagery on chemotherapy-induced anxiety and nausea-vomiting. Journal of clinical nursing 22(1-2):39-50.

Vink AC, Zuidersma M, Boersma F, de Jonge P, Zuidema SU, et al. (2013). The effect of music therapy compared with general recreational activities in reducing agitation in people with dementia: a randomised controlled trial. International journal of geriatric psychiatry 28(10):1031-8.

Vaajoki A, Pietila AM, Kankkunen P, Vehvilainen-Julkunen K. (2012 ). [Effects of listening to music on pain intensity and pain distress after surgery: an intervention.]. Journal of Clinical Nursing 21(5-6):708-17.

Bunketorp KAll L, Lundgren-Nilsson A, Blomstrand C, Pekna M, Pekny M, et al. (2012). The effects of a rhythm and music-based therapy program and therapeutic riding in late recovery phase following stroke: a study protocol for a three-armed randomized controlled trial. BMC neurology 12:141.

Argstatter H, Grapp M, Hutter E, Plinkert P, et al. (2012). Long-term effects of the "Heidelberg Model of Music Therapy" in patients with chronic tinnitus. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 5(4 ):273-288.

Trappe HJ. (2010). The effects of music on the cardiovascular system and cardiovascular health. Heart 96(23):1868-71.